Jun 2, Historical Analysis:
It is used here with permission. In modern Germany, persecution of the Sinti and Roma preceded the Nazi regime. Even though Gypsies enjoyed full and equal rights of citizenship under Article of the Weimar Constitution, they were subject to special, discriminatory laws.
This law became the national norm in Mug shots of Joschka K. Germany, Select to view When Hitler took power inanti-Gypsy laws remained in effect. Like Jews, Gypsies were also deprived of their civil rights. This office became the headquarters of a national data bank on Gypsies.
That July, the police arrested Gypsies and brought them, in caravans, to a new, special Gypsy internment camp Zigeunerlager established near a sewage dump and cemetery in the Berlin suburb of Marzahn.
The camp had only three water pumps and two toilets; in such overcrowded and unsanitary conditions, contagious diseases flourished. Police and their dogs guarded the camp.
Two special internment camps opened, one for 80 to Gypsies, in Salzburg, in Octoberand a second, in November for 4, Gypsies at Lackenbach, in the Burgenland, the eastern Austrian state bordering Hungary.
Conditions at Lackenbach, which existed until the end of the war, were particularly atrocious, and many individuals perished there. Both camps concentrated Gypsies for police registration and forced labor and served as assembly centers for deportations to Nazi extermination and concentration camps.
In June1, German and Austrian Gypsies were deported to concentration camps at Buchenwald, Dachau, Sachsenhausen, and Lichtenburg a camp for women.
In the camps, all prisoners wore markings of various shapes and colors, which allowed guards and camp officers to identify them by category. Robert Rittera psychiatrist who directed genealogical and genetic research on Gypsies, played a key role in the identification of Sinti and Roma prior to their arrest by the police.
In Ritter became head of a research unit located within the Ministry of Health and later in the Central Police Office.
|Popular Topics||You will come to study this in greater detail at the high school level. Our quest is to find out how it all became possible, what could have been done to prevent it from happening, and why we need to be watchful for the future.|
Prussian police escort Gypsies who are being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Germany. Gypsies, Gypsy Mischlinge [part-Gypsies], and nomadic persons behaving as Gypsies.
Between andauthorities took many Sinti and Roma children from their families and brought them to special.
Like Jewish children, Gypsy boys and girls also commonly endured the taunts and insults of their classmates, until March when the regime excluded Gypsies from the public schools. On Sep-tember 21;a conference on racial policy chaired by Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reich Security Main Office in Berlin, discussed the removal of 30, German and Austrian Gypsies to occupied Poland, along with the deportation of Jews.
The deportations of German Gypsies, including men, women, and children, began in May when 2, Gypsies were transported to Lublin, in occupied Poland. Similarly, in the summer ofGerman and Polish Gypsies imprisoned in the Warsaw ghetto were deported to Treblinka, where they were gassed.
German Gypsies were also deported to ghettos in Bialystok, Cracow, and Radom. Gypsies arrested by German military police in the occupied Soviet Union and photographed for propaganda purposes.
Most Gypsies rounded up by Germans after the invasion of the Soviet Union were killed in mass shootings. In a decree dated December 16,Himmler ordered the deportation of Gypsies and part-Gypsies to Auschwitz—Birkenau.
At least 23, Gypsies were brought there, the first group arriving from Germany in February From the wooden barracks, the gas chambers and crematoria were clearly visible. They were killed by gassing or died from starvation, exhaustion from hard labor, and disease including typhus, smallpox, and the rare, leprosy-like condition called Noma.
Others, including many children, died as the result Of cruel medical experiments performed by Dr. Josef Mengele and other SS physicians. The Gypsy camp was liquidated on the night of August, when 2, Sinti and Roma men, women, arid children were killed in the gas chamber.
Across German-occupied Europe, Gypsies, like Jews, were interned, killed, or deported to camps in Germany or eastern Europe.People with disabilities were among the first to be killed, and the United States Holocaust Memorial museum notes that the T-4 Euthanasia Program, established in , became the "model" for future exterminations by the Nazi regime.
The Holocaust is the best documented case of genocide. Despite this, calculating the numbers of individuals who were killed as the result of Nazi policies is an impossible task. There is no single wartime document that spells out how many people were killed. And in some cases, contrary to popular opinion, records were not kept.
During the Holocaust, a huge percentage of the German population – million – were members of the Nazi party. Soldiers and officers worked to round up more than six millions Jews as well as millions of other people they deemed undesirable, and then murder them outright.
"When they came for the gypsies, I did not speak, for I am not a gypsy. When they came for the Jews, I did not speak, because I wasnt a Jew. When they came for the Catholics, I did not speak, for I am not a And when they came for me, there was no one left to speak." -On the Wall a.
Its newsletter equates the Jewish and Serbian positions during World War II, both as victims of Croats, but fails to mention Serbian complicity in the Holocaust, Serbian collaboration with the Nazis, and Serbian genocide against Croats, Gypsies, and Muslims.
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