Citations and References Documenting your Sources In your lab reports you will typically use information from sources such as your textbook, lab manual, a reference book, and articles published in a science or engineering journal. When you use information from sources, you need to tell the readers where the information came from and where the readers can locate the sources. This is what citations and references are for. A citation tells the readers where the information came from.
Citing Sources Online Citing Academic. Writing Citations of print sources should conform to the guidelines presented in the most recent edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association APA.
To cite electronic sources, follow guidelines for scientific style presented in the Columbia Guide to Online Style, by Janice R. These guidelines are posted at http: Double-spacing and hanging indents used in traditional publications are print-based mechanisms.
References Bernhardt, Stephen A. English teaching and the new workplace pp. State University of New York Press. Creating multiple sites for innovation in a writing program.
Constructing and administering writing programs. New perspectives in rhetoric and composition series pp. Teaching discourse and reproducing culture: A critique of research and pedagogy in professional and non-academic writing. College Composition and Communication, 44, For electronic and electronically-accessed sources, follow guidelines below for COS-Scientific style.
The examples below list the author's full name, as required by Academic. If you are citing articles that must adhere strictly to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 4th ed. To cite the journal as a whole List the full title of the journal in italics followed by a period, the URL for the journal and the date of access, enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period.
To cite forum discussions List the authors alphabetically, with the moderator as the last author, followed by a period.
Then list the date of publication, enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period. To cite a specific "page" of a forum or contribution by a specific participant List the name of the participant, last name first, the date of publication, enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period, and the title of the page.
Next, list the authors of the forum, with the moderator as last author, followed by a period. Then list the title of the forum. Give the title of the journal, in italics, the URL, and the date of access, enclosed in parentheses and followed by a period.Monash recommended citing and referencing styles See the Citing and Referencing Library Guide for more information on citing and referencing styles recommended by Monash .
The importance of referencing in academic writing might seem like a no-brainer but improper attribution often goes unchecked.
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As an academic writer, you must document all of the sources of information that you include in your papers, presentations, and any other projects.
The reason for citations and documentation is to credit the author and publisher for their original work and to enable your readers to consult the same sources. Within essays, term papers, and any other written assignments (as in all academic work), you must identify (i.e., reference, document, cite) all quotations, paraphrases, ideas, and images from someone else’s work.
When writing an essay, report, dissertation or other piece of academic work the key to referencing is organisation, keep notes of the books and journal articles you have read, the websites you have visited as part of your research process.
Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing. Citations As an academic writer, you must document all of the sources of information that you include in your papers, presentations, and any other projects.